The church has no central doctrinal or governmental authority analogous to the Bishop of Rome (Pope), but the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is recognised by all bishops as primus inter pares (“first among equals”) and regarded as the representative and spiritual leader of Eastern Orthodox Christians.
What churches are under the Pope?
The Eastern Catholic Churches or Oriental Catholic Churches, also called the Eastern-rite Catholic Churches, Eastern Rite Catholicism, or simply the Eastern Churches, are twenty-three Eastern Christian sui iuris (autonomous) particular churches of the Catholic Church, in full communion with the Pope in Rome.
Who governs the Orthodox Church?
A member of the World Council of Churches and the National Council of Churches in the U.S.A., the Orthodox Church is governed by a council of bishops, clergy, and laity. It includes approximately 400 parishes, using mostly English in worship.
Does Orthodox Church believe in Pope?
Orthodox believers reject the infallibility of the pope and consider their own patriarchs, too, as human and thus subject to error. In this way, they are similar to Protestants, who also reject any notion of papal primacy. … All of the bishops and patriarchs are normally taken from the ordained monks..
Is the Pope Orthodox or Catholic?
|Bishop of Rome Pontifex maximus Pope|
|Cathedral||Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran|
How many churches are under pope?
There are 24 autonomous churches: one Latin Church and twenty-three Eastern Catholic Churches, a distinction by now more historical than geographical.
Why is it called Greek Orthodox?
The Greek word “orthodox” simply means “correct belief” and at the same time, “correct worship.” It became the name applied to the Christian Church that grew and flourished in the eastern, predominantly Greek speaking regions of the late Roman Empire.
Is orthodox Protestant?
The Orthodox Church is one of the three main Christian groups (the others being Roman Catholic and Protestant). … The Orthodox Churches are united in faith and by a common approach to theology, tradition, and worship.
Which country has the most orthodox?
Overview. Eastern Orthodoxy is the predominant religion in the world’s largest country, Russia (77%), where roughly half the world’s Eastern Orthodox Christians live.
What is the difference between Protestant and Catholic and Orthodox?
The difference between Orthodox Christianity and Protestant Christianity is that they follow different divine inspirations. The Orthodox follow the ‘Holy Inspiration of Church’ along with the Bible. … The followers of the Reformation believed that it was a movement against the flaws in the Catholic Church.
Who is present pope?
Jorge Mario Bergoglio was elected the 266th pope of the Roman Catholic Church in March 2013, becoming Pope Francis. He is the first pope from the Americas.
Why did Catholicism and Orthodox split?
The Great Schism came about due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts. One of the many religious disagreements between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church had to do with whether or not it was acceptable to use unleavened bread for the sacrament of communion.